oleh

Cara Menulis Berita

Menulis berita adalah aktivitas utama wartawan dan praktisi humas. Namun, karena “everybody can be journalist” (tiap orang bisa jadi wartawan), maka menulisberita bisa menjadi aktivitas siapa saja, terutama para blogger dan aktivis mediasosial yang suka berbagi dan berekspresi. By Romeltea.

BERITA (news) adalah laporan peristiwa aktual yang dimuat di media massa. Menulis berita termasuk dalam keterampilan komunikasi media (mass media communication), yakni komunikasi melalui media massa.

Pedoman dasar cara menulis berita yang baik dan “benar” –sesuai dengan kaidah jurnalistik dan kelaziman berita media ada empat, yaitu unsur berita, piramida terbalik, bahasa jurnalistik, dan struktur naskah berita.

Unsur Berita

Menulis berita (news) itu intinya adalah menyusun 5W+1H, yaitu enam unsur berita:

  1. WHAT (Apa yang terjadi, peristiwa apa)
  2. WHO (Siapa yang melakukan, pelaku, atau yang terlibat dalam peristiwa)
  3. WHEN (Kapan kejadiannya, unsur waktu terjadinya peristriwa)
  4. WHERE (Di mana kejadiannya, unsur tempat kejadian peristiwa)
  5. WHY (Kenapa itu terjadi, kenapa si “who” melakukan itu, penyebab peristiwa, latar belakang kejadian)
  6. HOW (Bagaimana proses terjadinya, kronologinya, jalannya acara, detail peristiwa).

Piramida Terbalik

Keenam unsur tersebut biasanya disusun dengan formula atau gaya piramida terbalik (inverted pyramid), yakni mengedepankan unsur terpenting atau dinilai paling penting. Biasanya pula, yang dianggap terpenting adalah unsur WHAT dan WHO.

Bahasa Jurnalistik

Keenam unsur berita tersebut disusun sedemikian rupa dengan menggunakan bahasa jurnalistik, bahasa pers, newspaper languange, atau bahasa komunikasi massa (mass communication language) dengan karakteristik:

  1. Hemat kata (economy of words, ringkas).
  2. Lugas (to the point, tidak bertele-tele)
  3. Logis, mengacu pada formula SPOK (Subjek, Predikat, Objek, Keterangan)
  4. Mudah dipahami
  5. Kalimat pendek
  6. Kalimat aktif.

Struktur naskah berita

Paduan enam unsur berita dan bahasa jurnalistik tersebut dirangkai dalam sebuah naskah berita dengan struktur naskah berita sebagai berikut:

  1. Judul berita (head, headline, head title).
  2. Baris tanggal (creditline) –jika diperlukan (opsional)
  3. Teras berita (lead, alinea pertama, paragraf pertama, dalam 2-3 kalimat, biasanya terdiri dari unsur WHO, WHAT, WHEN, dan WHERE).
  4. Isi berita (body, rincian, detail, memaparkan unsur WHY dan HOW)

Komentar

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *

280 komentar

  1. While TD Ameritrade doesn’t offer trading in individual cryptocurrencies, we do provide numerous ways to get exposure to the cryptocurrency market — no crypto wallet required. Once you’ve submitted a transaction to the Bitcoin network, it can’t be canceled or reversed. Double-check the receiving address before sending a Bitcoin payment or moving Bitcoin off an exchange. One good way to do this is to check the first and last four digits of the wallet address you are sending to before setting the transaction in motion. There is no way to refund BTC sent to the wrong address. The 2014 documentary The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin portrays the diversity of motives behind the use of bitcoin by interviewing people who use it. These include a computer programmer and a drug dealer. The 2016 documentary Banking on Bitcoin is an introduction to the beginnings of bitcoin and the ideas behind cryptocurrency today.
    https://alexisyxvt682962.atualblog.com/26906461/manual-article-review-is-required-for-this-article
    Quantum computers would need to become about a million times larger than they are today in order to break the algorithm that secures bitcoin, which would put the cryptocurrency at risk from hackers. Every bitcoin transaction must be “confirmed” by the network of miners before it is added to the blockchain, the immutable ledger of who owns what. Each transaction is assigned a cryptographic key during this confirmation process, and cracking the key would allow you to take ownership of those bitcoins. Freedom of information (FOI) requests made by New Scientist show that 12 of the UK’s 48 police forces have seized cryptocurrency in … After early “proof-of-concept” transactions, the first major users of bitcoin were black markets, such as Silk Road. During its 30 months of existence, beginning in February 2011, Silk Road exclusively accepted bitcoins as payment, transacting ?9.9 million, worth about $214 million.:?222?

  2. quora We build swingers contact websites and run swingers parties and holidays. Sharing cock with a wife You are now leaving Pornhub Check Out This Site For Heaps Of Ads For Couples Wives & Swingers Looking for Casual Meetings. “Adult Site Builders” has been building adult websites since 1997. First, non-monogamy is not kink in and of itself. But when people think of non-monogamy, their minds go to one place – fast. Sex! If monogamy is categorized by not having sex with everyone, then non-monogamy must be about having sex with everyone, right? It must be about threesomes, and foursomes, and group sex, and orgies, and swingers parties with fire breathing, leather clad jugglers in nipple clamps swinging from the chandeliers. However, there is allegedly a dark underbelly of ‘The Villages’, which the public outside the boundaries of the community are hardly aware of. A recent documentary by Lance Oppenheim, titled ‘Some Kind of Heaven’, unveils the notorious swingers scene, an abundance of alcohol and drugs, and controversial politics that engulfs the lives of the seniors settled there.
    https://www.click-bookmark.win/free-dating-sites-no-hidden-fees
    Tran felt that this was unfair and that the trend carried over into dating apps like Tinder. He cited experiments that showed Asian males getting significantly fewer “matches” than Caucasian males and studies that demonstrated how difficult online dating can be for black women. InterracialDatingCentral has earned the spot on this list of the best interracial dating sites in 2019 because its ha been in the market for long and is highly reputable. It has an easy to use interface for people looking to date other races. Interracial dating doesn’t necessarily refer to whites relating with blacks but could mean an Asian seeking Africans or Russians. Like other dating sites, registration is essential for online daters –you must sign up and create a profile that states what you are looking for. Whether meaningful or long-term dates, you are guaranteed to get the best dating experience connecting with people practicing distinct cultures. Below are some of the notable interracial dating sites:

  3. No Deposit Casino fans welcome to the best No Deposit Casino Bonus site in the UK! Get Free Spins No Deposit and free online casino money. Discover New Casino sites and the very latest No Deposit Bonus offers this 2023! This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. The action you just performed triggered the security solution. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. The most important step is you need to visit the me88 official website. Definitely, You are already on our official website now! You need to fill in the basic information such as full name, email, currency, preferred username, and password to register an account. Before this, you need to click the “Join Now” button at the top of the right side. So, what are you waiting for? Register Today and have fun at me88 online casino Malaysia!
    http://www.banpummart.com/home/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=0
    Circular for IIT Bombay (ST) Spoken Tutorial Training Program Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad Earn 2x Drawing Entries every Monday – Wednesday. Admission Procedure for International Students seeking admission in University Departments and affiliated colleges of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Aurangabad Direction 2020 Earn 2x Drawing Entries every Monday – Wednesday. Baha Mar and Mark Knowles welcome you to the 4th Annual Baha Mar Cup, a one-of-a-kind tennis fundraising event featuring tennis stars in a Pro-Am tournament, followed by exhibition matches featuring surprise celebrity guests and a kids clinic. NEW MEMBER REWARDS Entering the Baba Wild Slots – Casino Games screen, you can see lots of Baba Wild Slots – slot machines, and each slot machine has various themes with many other differences such as the difference of the prize pool, symbols with different colors etc. And also, there is a pay table for all the Baba Wild Slots – slot machines that allow you to earn more from the jackpot. 

  4. Congratulations on your incredible gift for writing! Your article is an engaging and enlightening read. Wishing you a New Year full of achievements and happiness!

  5. Plants vs. Zombies™ Garden Warfare digs into the trenches with an explosive new Co-op and Multiplayer action experience. How do you come down? Sackboy is an unlikely video game protagonist, but this brand new adventure made solely for the PSP has lots of great features that make ‘ol Sacklad a front runner for the PSP mascot! Since July 2013, Dark Horse Comics has published a Plants vs. Zombies ongoing comic book series, following teenagers Nate Timely and Patrice Blazing as they protect Neighborville from the zombie armies of Dr. Edgar Zomboss, with the help of Patrice’s uncle, David “Crazy Dave” Blazing, and his own legion of genetically-modified sentient plants, accessible via the Plants vs. Zombies Comics app. Elements from the comic book series were later adapted to the franchise’s video game instalments, and vice-versa.
    https://www.metal-archives.com/users/gaamersindia
    Finish the level as fast as you can without dying. Look out for traps and other obstacles that may harm you! Crazy games – no other words needed. Crazy action, crazy adventure, crazy ride and simulation, simply crazy world of games based on unblocked imagination. Collection of the craziest games for all lovers of craziness. Read more. Life’s a Game: A fun, casual game where you navigate through life’s ups and downs. Try Shortcut Run life—one of the adventure games for kids. Manage your hero in the game and prevent him from falling on any threats on his way. Be conscious. Left and right arrow keys A, D – Move left and rightUp arrow W – AccelerateSpace bar – Get on off bicycle A legend has it that Google knows everything best which could bring you an idea to make a list of the best crazy games based on a search statistics. This idea makes a general sense, however, googling for games related to crazy gameplay often ends with a result referring to a gaming website with “crazy” word in its domain name (crazygames, topcrazygames, unblockedcrazygames …) which all are websites with common web games and everything related to anything crazy ends with the mention in their url.